Respiratory Disease

Respiratory Disease Influenza :

is common and can be found year-round. Children under the age of 5 and the elderlies tend to have severe symptoms and complications.


High fever 39-40°C, headache, muscle pain, eye pain, productive cough. In severe cases, the complication is pneumonia and the patient will have high fever, cough, and shortness of breath.


  • In children < 5 years old, elderly, and patients with comorbidity such as heart disease, asthma – Antiviral medication should be given.
  • In adolescents or adults – symptomatic treatment (and antiviral medication are given if the symptoms are severe)


Avoid close contact with people who are ill. When you are ill, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting ill too. The best way to prevent influenza is to get vaccinated.

Influenza Vaccine


  • Children 6 months of age and older should receive influenza vaccine once a year. Experts recommend annual influenza vaccination for people at high risk of influenza complications: children younger than 5 years old, elderly, patients with chronic medical conditions (diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, and pulmonary disease), pregnant women, patients with weakened immune system, and healthcare professionals.
  • The vaccine can be given anytime of the year. It usually takes two weeks after the injection for protection to begin. It is best to get your child vaccinated before rainy season or travelling to endemic areas.
  • Special consideration – There is still a possibility that children could get the flu even if they get vaccinated. However, the vaccine can help reduce the severity of the disease and complications. Young children have weaker immunity and tend to be ill for a longer period of time. This increases the chance for other people to get ill. Therefore, it is best to get your child vaccinated.

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